Monthly Archives: January 2020

Crossing the South Downs by Frog and other Ripping Yarns from our Archives – a tribute to the late great Terry Jones

And now for something completely different… In tribute to the late Terry Jones we delve into the archive collections for some ripping yarns and other delights.

No. 1, not the larch, or a character from Cats, but Captain Mogg, who was a real life hero of exploration and whose diaries we hold, describing his pioneering voyages to the Arctic and South America. [MS45] Other intrepid voyages described included to the unexplored shores of Wales and the West of England. He served on many different ships, notably HMS Partridge (not a very aggressive bird for a warship) and HMS Haughty, presumably in the same squadron as HMS Petulant and HMS Indignant.

Captain William Mogg [MS45 AO183/6]

No. 2: Amazing Victorian inventions worthy of Terry Gilliam’s imagination:

The Steam War Chariot, invented by a Cornish engineer as a sort of proto-tank of the steam age. The details were sent to the first Duke of Wellington by John George and Son of Fowey in June 1836, asking the Duke to exhibit it at the Waterloo Banquet. As far as we know, it was never built.

The John George Steam War Chariot, 1836 [MS61 WP2/40/119]

A prospectus for lighting up the British Channel and Goodwin Sands with gas to guard against shipwrecks, 1850.

Gas lighting for the British Channel, 1850 [MS61 WP2/243/110]

No. 3: Moccasins for British soldiers during the Peninsular War. This DIY piece of footwear was designed to deal with the shortage of boots, and may be the proto type for the Monty Python Big Foot.

Illustration of the finished moccasin [MS61 WP1/261/34]

No. 4: And now for something else completely different: the Duke of Wellington’s reply to Lady Honoria Hervey’s request for a post in the army : “her Ladyship is a female!” [MS61 WP2/160/84] No pulling the wool over the Iron Duke’s eyes, an upper class twit he was not.

No. 5: She’s not the Messiah, she’s a very naughty girl! Otherwise known as the Archivist…

No. 6: Not quite the original Monty Python, but a wonderful illustration from one of our rare books on natural history.

Rees’s Cyclopaedia Plates vol. 5 [Rare Books AE5]

No 7: Prince Alexander of Battenberg, Lord Mountbatten’s uncle, who was briefly the King of Bulgaria. He had a rough time, being kidnapped by rebels and held on a river boat which was sailed to Russia, however the Russians didn’t want him and sent him back. Not surprisingly he abdicated soon afterwards.

Prince Alexander of Battenberg [MS62 MB3/52]

No.8: Richard Cockle Lucas: he was a talented artist and local eccentric of the Edwardian era. He was particularly noted for driving a Roman style chariot through Southampton while dressed in a toga.

Photograph of Richard Cockle Lucas taken by himself [rare books Cope 73 LUC O/S13789]

Photograph of Richard Cockle Lucas taken by himself [Rare Books Cope 73 LUC O/S13789]

He called his house at Chilworth “the Tower of the Winds” with his “Sky Parlour ” on top. Sadly, this does not survive, but we hold two remarkable albums of his own photos including many pictures of Lucas dressed as Shakespearian characters, also some correspondence with the great and the good including Palmerston, who was a personal friend. Lucas had a strong belief in fairies, and claimed to have met one called Hettie Lottie when he was a child.

Tower of the Winds photographed by Lucas in 1864 [rare books Cope 73 LUC O/S13788]

Tower of the Winds photographed by Lucas in 1864 [Rare Books Cope 73 LUC O/S13788]

No-one expects the Spanish Inquisition, but we have to take security very seriously here in the Archives, due to the great historical value of our collections. But you will only see the prof in his cardinal’s robes during graduation. You will be relieved to hear that we don’t have a comfy chair. Please do not compare our facilities to Fort Knox, we have heard this too many times and you will now be fined 50p for saying this – but a prize of 50p for any more original comments. The library café may sell wafer thin mints, but spam is confined to our computers.

Anyone wishing to search for their own Holy Grail in our archives is very welcome. Please see our website for details of access arrangements and archive lists


As many of you will be aware, we are now in the month of Veganuary [Vegan-January]. Veganism is a way of living which seeks to exclude the use of animals for food, clothing or any other purpose. While there are many ways to embrace this lifestyle the one thing all vegans have in common is a plant-based diet avoiding not only meat but fish, shellfish, insects, dairy, eggs and honey. Veganuary is a non-profit organisation that encourages people worldwide to try vegan for January and beyond and claims benefits in the areas of protecting the environment, preventing animal suffering and improving human health. To mark the occasion we would like to share information about the resources we hold in the Special Collections on vegetarianism and veganism.

Vegetarianism for health reasons is by no means a new phenomenon. Early nineteenth-century family correspondence in the Broadlands Archives finds Mary Mee writing to her son Henry (later third Viscount Palmerston): “my cough I have attempted to starve out but it braves famine & will not capitulate […] it is a week I have preferred vegetable to animal substance”. [MS 62 BR21/8/68 15 Nov 1802.] We wonder if Mary’s treatment is a variation of “feed a cold, starve a fever”? Mary, it seems, only trialed a plant-based diet for specific health reasons. Her grandson however, William Cowper-Temple, Baron Mount Temple and his second wife, Georgina (née Tollemache) were enthusiastic vegetarians. They feature in James Gregory’s 2007 publication Of Victorians and Vegetarians: The Vegetarian Movement in Nineteenth-century Britain. We hold correspondence and notebooks for the Cowper-Temples in MS 62 Broadlands Archives BR/43-BR59.

Jumping into the twentieth century, the Broadlands Archives brings us another reference to an even more famous vegetarian: Mahatma Gandhi who was brought up as a vegetarian by his devout Hindu mother. In Hindu and Jain traditions, meat is considered as a form of food obtained by violence to animals.

Gandhi’s first ever meal eaten at Viceroy’s House, 1 April 1947 MB2/N14/10
Gandhi’s first ever meal eaten at Viceroy’s House, 1 April 1947 [MB2/N14/10]

As newly appointed Viceroy, Lord Mountbatten embarked on a series of interviews with Indian leaders prior to Partition. Gandhi and Mountbatten met at Viceroy’s House several times in early April. Our records give details of the meeting but don’t record what foods were served.

Abstinence from meat and other food sources derived from animals is not only a feature of religions originating from South-East Asia. While vegetarianism is not traditionally a component of mainstream Judaism—which centres around Kosher rituals for the consumption of animal products—Jewish vegetarians often cite Jewish principles regarding animal welfare, environmental ethics, moral character, and health as reasons for adopting a vegetarian or vegan diet. In many ways, veganism makes it easier and cheaper for those who wish to observe kashrut strictly as these Jewish dietary laws stipulate separate dishes and other utensils for meat and dairy foods, plus a waiting period of several hours after eating meat before being permitted to eat dairy products. It is obvious how a vegan diet would simplify these matters considerably.

Within our extensive Anglo-Jewish collections, we have papers and published works of Florence Greenberg, the ‘Delia Smith’ of the Anglo Jewish community. The Jewish Chronicle newspaper published her cookery book which became legendary in Jewish households across Britain;  it was reprinted 13 times between 1947 and 1977, latterly by Penguin Books.

Copies of Florence Greenberg’s Jewish Cookery Book, 3rd edition (revised) 1951, 6th edition, 1958.]
Copies of Florence Greenberg’s Jewish Cookery Book, 3rd edition (revised) 1951, 6th edition, 1958

The Jewish Cookery Book is not a vegan or vegetarian cookbook but it does include several recipes which are suitable for people following a plant-based diet. Greenberg describes how “haricot beans, butter beans, dried flageolets, and the mottled brown Trinidad beans […] contain a large proportion of protein and make excellent meatless dishes.” Likewise, “lentils contain large amount of protein and so form a good substitute for meat.” Here we share one of her recipes:

Baked Beans

Soaked haricot beans ½ lb

Tomato sauce 2 tablespoonfuls

Salt and pepper

Sugar or golden syrup 2 teaspoonfuls

Mustard 1 teaspoonful

Put all ingredients into a casserole with sufficient water to cover the beans. Put the lid on the casserole and bake in a moderate oven till tender, about 2 hours. Serve on hot toast.

Her recipe for “mock duck” contains haricot beans and lentils, plus sage, onion, mashed potato, parsley and margarine. A further chapter is devoted to soya flour and includes recipes for soya milk and cream, as a substitute for milk in mashed potato and for soya macaroons. She describes soya flour as “a highly nutritious protein food…[with] 20 per cent fat (fine oil), vitamins A,B,D, and E, 2 ½ per cent lecithin—the nerve repairing element of eggs—and is a good source of calcium, iron potassium, and phosphorus. It is very satisfying and if served in meatless dishes and light snacks will prove satisfying for many hours.”

Frontispiece from Martin Doyle’s Farm and Garden Produce, 1857 [Perkins SB 98]

Finally, we’re going to take a look at the production of some of these vegan-friendly ingredients drawing on sources from the Perkins Agricultural Library. The Library includes guides on growing your own pulses and vegetables as well as suggestions for your crop once harvested.  

“Common Lentil” in John Wilson’s Our Farm Crops vol. 2 [Perkins SB 185]

Our Farm Crops by John Wilson includes a chapter on “The lentil crop”:

Although very rarely now to be met with in the field of cultivation in this country, is largely grown on the Continent, and in the various countries of the eastern hemisphere, as an article of human food. The use of lentils as a food grain can be traced back to the earliest periods of sacred history. […] Owing to the large proportions of nitrogen compounds the seeds contain, they have been for centuries past, and are still, made use of largely in Catholic countries as substitutes for animal food in Lent…

Pulses (dried peas, beans and lentils) are often a staple of a vegetarian or vegan diet as they are a low fat source of protein with high levels of fibre. Pulses also contain important vitamins and minerals like iron, potassium and folate.

Nuts can also be a useful source of protein and calcium in a vegan diet. The final illustration comes from Thomas Croxen Archer’s book Profitable Plants; subtitled: “a description of the principal articles of vegetable origin used for food, clothing, tanning, dyeing, building, medicine, perfumery”.

Plate VI (nuts) from Thomas Croxen Archer’s Profitable Plants, 1865 [Perkins SB 107]

We hope you have enjoyed our jaunt through plant-based food sources in the Special Collection. Any keen cooks out there might even like to try their hand at some homemade baked beans? Please join us next week when we will be sharing our first post in a series of voyages of discovery.

“When life was free and easy”: looking back at women’s fashion of the roaring twenties

As we enter 2020 we use the opportunity to look back at what fashion was like for women during the original roaring twenties, using material from the collections of Edwina Mountbatten (née Ashley), Lady Swaythling, and Montse Stanley.

Edwina Ashley and friends, 1929 [MS62 MB2/L5/121]

Edwina Ashley and friends, 1929 [MS62 MB2/L5/121]

World War One left many women with a greater sense of self-confidence, particularly after being employed in factories and being given a wage. In 1918 women over 30 had been granted the vote through the Representation of the People Act, and by 1928 women were granted the same voting rights as men.

Edwina Ashley, 1920 [MS62 MB3/63]

Edwina Ashley, 1920 [MS62 MB3/63]

Women’s new sense of assurance and empowerment can be seen in 1920s fashion. Women had their hair cut shorter, dress and skirt hems were raised to allow the body to move more easily, and it became more socially acceptable for women to smoke and drink.

Edwina with the Owen Magnetic Car, Moulton Paddocks, Newmarket, Suffolk, 1920 [MS62 MB2/K4/100]

Edwina Ashley with the Owen Magnetic Car, Moulton Paddocks, Newmarket, Suffolk, 1920 [MS62 MB2/K4/100]

A woman’s key outfit during the 1920s was a dress. Day dresses had a drop waist, which consisted of a belt around the low waist or hip and a skirt that hung anywhere from the ankle up to the knee. Tops had long to mid-bicep sleeves and a skirt that was straight, pleated, hanky hem, or tiered.

Example of a day dress with a drop waist worn by Gladys, Dowager Lady Swaythling, c.1920s taken by Hay Wrightson [MS383 A4000 6/1/5 Folder 2]

Example of a day dress with a drop waist worn by Gladys, Dowager Lady Swaythling, c.1920s taken by Hay Wrightson [MS383 A4000/6/1/5 Folder 2]

The 1920s brought the adoration of jazz music, leading to the Charleston replacing the slow waltz as the most popular dance of the decade. Jazz music was seen to be exotic and faraway from the outdated societal values of the Victorian era. Jazz music and dance are responsible for the origin of the term “ flapper”, which is defined as “a young woman in the 1920s who dressed or behaved in an unconventional way”. The word came from the idea that the fast movement of the feet and swaying of the arms during the Charleston dance resembles the flapping movements of a bird.

Photograph of Olga Baclanova taken by Ross Verlag showing typical dress for the Charleston [MS331/2/1/17/199]

Photograph of Olga Baclanova by Ross Verlag showing typical dress for the Charleston from the Montse Stanley collection [MS331/2/1/17/199]

Jazz music and jazz dancing required looser clothing for women to move around in. Dresses and skirts were produced with shorter hems and embellishments such as fringe threads to swing with the movement of the body. Glossy and elaborate textiles were used to reflect the light. Corsets were replaced with straight-line chemises to flatten the bust line, and low-waisted dresses with fullness at the hemline allowed women to kick up their heels in dances like the Charleston. In 1925, “shift” type dresses with no waistline emerged. At the end of the decade, dresses were being worn with straight bodices and collars, as well as knife-pleated skirts with a hem one inch below the knee.

Photograph of Olga Baclanova taken by Ross Verlag showing another typical dress for the Charleston [MS331/2/1/17/197]

Photograph of Olga Baclanova by Ross Verlag showing another typical dress for the Charleston [MS331/2/1/17/197]

Women were still expected to change from a morning to afternoon dress. These afternoon or “tea gowns” were less form-fitting than evening gowns, and featured long, flowing sleeves and the waist embellished with artificial flowers, bows, or sashes. For evening wear the term “cocktail dress” was invented in France for American clientele. With the “New Woman” also came the “Drinking Woman”. The cocktail dress was styled with a matching hat, gloves, and shoes. The cocktail dress could be worn from 3pm to the late evening with a simple manipulation of accessories. The hems of evening gowns were slightly longer than tea gowns, in satin or velvet, and adorned with beads, rhinestones, or fringe.

Edwina Ashley in day wear, 1922 [MS62 MB2/K6/28]

Edwina Ashley in day wear, 1922 [MS62 MB2/K6/28]

Women “bobbed”, or cut their hair into the Eton crop to fit under the Cloche Hat, a popular garment in the 1920s. The hat was bell-shaped which is how it got its name (cloche means bell in French), and was invented in 1908 by milliner Caroline Reboux. The hats were usually made of felt, but also made of sisal or straw for the summer or beads or lace for the evening. They were designed to be worn low on the forehead. Women cutting their hair short was a radical move at the beginning of the decade, but soon became standard.

Photograph of Kathryn Crawford taken by Ross Verlag showing another typical dress for the Charleston [MS331/2/1/17/201]

Photograph of Kathryn Crawford taken by Ross Verlag showing the Cloche Hat [MS331/2/1/17/201]

Jewellery of the 1920s was influenced by the 1890-1910 Art Nouveau movement. Geometric shapes became popular to celebrate the machine age, along with contrasting textures and colours inspired by the Far East, such as the use of amethysts put together with jade. One of the signature pieces of 1920s fashion was the long rope pearl necklace.

Edwina Ashley showing the long rope pearl necklace fashion [MS62 MB2/L1/34]

Edwina Ashley showing the long rope pearl necklace fashion, 1922 [MS62 MB2/L1/34]

As well as jewellery, make up also became a more important factor in fashion. Women felt no shame in caring about their appearance. It was seen instead as a declaration of self-worth. Hollywood actresses such as Clara Bow popularised the cupids bow lip, which was a self-shaping lipstick invented by Helena Rubinstein, that formed the perfect cupid’s bow upon application. Dark red lipstick was a common shade worn during the 1920s, with flappers wearing it to signify their independence. Dark eyes were also popular, which was easier to achieve during the middle of the decade when mascara was made available in wax, tube, cake and liquid form. Kohl eyeliner was also used to complete the look. The use of rouge (made available in the forms of creams, powders and liquids, and later as a compact) finished off the artificial appearance.

Photograph of Edwina Ashley showing examples of 1920s jewellery and makeup [MS62 MB3/63]

Photograph of Edwina Ashley showing examples of 1920s jewellery and makeup [MS62 MB3/63]

Before the 1920s women’s outfits were often floor length and hid the shoes being worn. This new decade gave shoes prime importance; they were made for all sorts of events such as walking, dancing, and sports. During the start of the 1920s Mary Janes were still popular, and inspired the design of other shoes, such as the T-strap heel shown in the image below. The design was the same as a Mary Jane shoe with the strap going around the heel and down to the top of the shoe in a T shape. Bar shoes fastened with a single strap and button were most popular in the 1920s as they could be worn with short skirts and were practical for fast dancing, such as the Charleston.

Photograph of Edwina wearing T-strap shoes [MS 62 MB2/L1/188]

Photograph of Edwina Ashley wearing T-strap shoes [MS 62 MB2/L1/188]

Look out for our next blog post, which will tell you about the resources we hold on vegetarianism and veganism as part of Veganuary!

2019 – a year in review

And so we move to a new decade and an array of new activities for the Special Collections in the coming year. But before we look forward to what is to come, let us take a moment to look back at some of our activities during 2019.

Exhibitions and events

The first exhibition of 2019, The Leonardo Link: Image-Making from Anatomy to Code, which opened in February, worked as a companion to the exhibition of drawings by Leonardo da Vinci on show at the Southampton City Art Gallery. Southampton was one of 12 galleries to feature drawings by da Vinci from the Royal Collection, part of the UK events marking the five hundreth anniversary of the artist’s death.

For the summer we had an exhibition drawing on images of University life over the decades, particularly resonant as 2019 marked the hundredth anniversary of the move to the Highfield campus.

A philanthropic spirit exhibition: a celebration of philanthropic acts

The autumn exhibition, A philanthropic spirit, drew on the Special Collections material to look both at ideas of philanthropic activity and at the work of individual philanthropists. It also featured material on the impact of philanthropy on the development of the University and there was a parallel exhibition in the Level 4 Gallery of portraits from the University Fine Art Collection of notable philanthropists in the development of the University.

In April we hosted the latest Wellington Congress. Featuring keynote lectures from Professor Charles Esdaile, Professor Nicholas Lambert, Dr Alicia Laspra and Dr Richard Gaunt, the 2-day Congress presented a wide range of papers on aspects of military, political, literary and social themes for the nineteenth century. And we were delighted to round off proceedings with the 2019 Wellington Lecture given by Professor Chris Woolgar on Wellington, “the scum of the earth” and the army in the Iberian Peninsula.

Professor Chris Woolgar

Special Collections took part in both the Science and Engineering Day on the Highfield Campus in March and at the Hands-on Humanities at a new venue at the NST City in November. The Science and Engineering Day provided an opportunity to offer a range of activities relating to the printed and archive collections and to the science behind conservation work undertaken by Special Collections.

Poster for Science and Engineering Day, March 2019

Alongside research sessions and introductory sessions for students from a range of disciplines – including History, English, Global Media Management – Special Collections has continued hosting drop-in sessions and visits for a range of groups. And as it was the centenary of the move to the Highfield campus, we held a drop-in session during Freshers’ Week for the first time that focused on student life over the decades since 1919.

Visits hosted in 2019 ranged from members of the Nautical Archaeology Society and from SCONUL to that of the Indian High Commissioner, as well as sessions  for scholars from China visiting the UK as part of the China Scholarship Council scheme. Two items on show that these latter visitors found particularly interesting were nineteenth-century publications on the Chinese language by Robert Morrison.

Visit by teachers from China as part of the China Scholarship Council scheme, June 2019

In November the Special Collections hosted, in conjunction with the Honor Frost Foundation, a workshop discussing issues around curating the heritage of maritime archaeology.

Social media and publicity

Throughout the year we have run a series of blogs and tweets relating to Highfield 100, marking the centenary of the move to the Highfield campus site. Starting in January, we posted monthly blogs looking at the developments of the University from 1919 onwards. An article on the Highfield 100 also was the Archives Hub feature for September 2019.

Since October we have embarked on a Highfield in a 100 objects Twitter series which will culminate in the Spring 2020 when the new Centenary Building on Highfield Campus is due to be officially opened. Images and material from the blogs has appeared on banners and on buildings around campus and have contributed to University publications such as a special edition of Hartley News sent out to thousands of alumni and to editions of Staff Matters. Complementary to these were a shorter series of blogs that looked at aspects of university development through time, such as sports facilities, Rag or the University grounds.

University College of Southampton from the south wing, 1919 [MS1/Phot 39 ph3100]

A number of blogs were linked to anniversaries such as World Poetry Day in March; the passing of the Catholic emancipation act over which the Prime Minister, the Duke of Wellington, fought a duel in April 1829; British beer day in June, in honour of which we brewed a beer based on a recipe from Faulkner’s The Complete Family Piece (1739); the 75th anniversary of D-Day on 6 June; World Watercolour Month in July; the Great Exhibition of 1851 in October; and Human Rights week in December.

Blogs that highlighted different facets of the Special Collections have ranged widely, encompassing newer collections that complement that material within the archive of the first Duke of Wellington In the company of Wellington; Lord Shaftesbury the nineteenth-century philanthropist; geological collections in the Rare Books material; refugees in the twentieth century with a companion blog telling the stories of child refugees from Russia in the 1900s; and sanitation and health in Southampton. For the summer we posted a number of blogs on the theme of travel and voyages, starting with a look at western traditions of maps and map-making. Other blogs looked at travel to Far East and to South and Central America, accounts of three women travelling in Europe between the late eighteenth and early twentieth century and of those travelling nearer to home in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight.

The collections and staff also have featured in local TV and radio broadcasts, including one relating to Victorian valentines in February, and the Anglo-Jewish archives.


The Special Collections has continued to add to its holdings, most notably adding a number of collections that relate to nautical studies and maritime archaeology. The year started with the transfer of the papers of the eminent nautical archaeologist and maritime historian Lucian Basch (1930-2018) to the Special Collections. His extensive collection has been joined by working papers of Sean McGrail, who was a key player in the establishment of the Centre for Maritime Archaeology at the University, and of the maritime geoarchaeologist, Nicholas Flemming.

Some of the papers of Lucien Basch stored in his apartment prior to the move to Southampton

Amongst some of the smaller collections that arrived in 2019, were a couple of delightful volumes that complemented the existing holdings of the Basque child refugee archives. One is a photograph album recording a visit to the Basque country by Betty Lascelles Arne in May 1997 to celebrate the sixtieth anniversary of the departure of the Basque children on Habana on 21 May 1937 [MS440/6]. The other is a scrapbook by Helvecia Hidalgo (née Garcia Aldosoro), who was one of the child refugees who travelled in 1937: the album contains a range of photographs, booklets, cuttings and even the id and medical inspection tags pasted into the volume [MS440/4]. This scrapbook was added to a photograph album of Helvecia Hidalgo previously donated to the Archives.

The year also brought a further donation of material that relates to the holdings of the poet F.T.Prince. This was a small collection of correspondence between Professor Michael Kirkham of the University of Toronto with Prince, together with articles by Professor Kirkham relating to Prince which includes reflections by Prince on his poetry [MS328 A4222].

And as we began our reflection on 100 years of the University of Southampton at its Highfield campus, we were delighted to receive as part of a donation of papers of A.Evans – who had been the clerk of works of Hartley University College, Southampton, 1911-14, when the buildings at Highfield were being planned and built – a copy of the proposal for a rather more grand building at Highfield before these plans were scaled back. It provided a real glimpse into what might have been.

Perspective view of the proposed Hartley University College buildings from the South west by Messrs. Clyde F.Young and Hubert S.East, architects, 26 May 1911 [MS416/14]

The year saw the completion of a number of cataloguing projects in the Special Collections. Work on the papers of Michael Sherbourne was the subject of one blog. Perhaps the most substantial archive cataloguing project undertaken by the archivist team in 2019 was the Yerusha Project relating to the Jewish archive collections at Southampton. A major project within the Printed Special Collections was the completion of the cataloguing of the Honor Frost Library.

Looking ahead to 2020

With new cataloguing projects and a new Archives management system, new collections and a range of events already planned, 2020 looks set to be another full year.

Part of leaflet We Protest! produced by the Jewish People’s Council against Fascism and Anti-Semitism, 1936 [MS 60/17/16/18]

The first exhibition of the year will be We Protestdue to open on 17 February. Taking the Cato Street conspiracy of 1820 as its starting point, the exhibition also will look at two subsequent nineteenth-century protests, before exploring the work of a number of 20th-century protest and pressure groups – such as the Women’s Campaign for Soviet Jewry – and of student protests.

As 2020 is also the 400th anniversary of the sailing of the Mayflower from Southampton, the Special Collections will be looking at the theme of Voyages of Discovery in blogs and activities during the year. And this will be the focus of the autumn Special Collections exhibition opening in October.

Do look out for details of our activities through social media and the Special Collections website.